Higher Education Managers/Executives/Administrators
To develop a profile of an effective chief student affairs officer (CSAO).
The sample involved five recognized higher education institutions
(all public state institutions that were classified as Research Universities I). CSAOs
completed the LPI; their staffs and peers completed the LPI-Observer (68% response
rate). A Q-sort procedure was used to examine the "general" characteristics of effective
CSAOs, not necessarily related to these particular respondents. Each CSAO was also
interviewed, along with 73% of their staff and/or peers. Four CSAOs were African-
American (three men and one woman) and the fifth was a Caucasian male, and four of
them were 56 years or older. Four held doctoral degrees. The CSAO at these institutions
had an average of 26 years in the field and over 11 years at that institution.
CSAO LPI-Self scores were consistently higher than those provided
by their observers, although the rank ordering was the same between the two groups.
Enabling received the highest mean scores from both groups, followed by Modeling,
Encouraging, Challenging and Inspiring.