Secondary Education Principals/Superintendents
The purpose of this study was to compare leadership practices of
American and Mexican school administrators.
Twenty-eight students preparing for the superintendent’s
certificate and taking classes at a university in the Southwest (U.S.) participated
along with a similar number of students from a Mexican university who were
completing a certificate or Master’s program in educational administration. In
addition to completing the LPI-Self, each participant gave five LPI-Observers to
supervisors, coworkers or subordinates.
For each of the five leadership categories, the mean rank of the
US group was significantly higher than the mean rank of the Mexican group. The
authors conclude that “each practice is firmly embedded in the culture of the USA
but not in the culture of Mexico” (p. 204) and “raises questions about the
universality of Kouzes and Posner’s (1995) theory of the leadership challenge” (p.