Secondary Education Managers/Executives/Administrators
The purpose of this case study was to examine the practices and self-perceptions of power of African American females in various positions of school leadership in school districts in southeastern Pennsylvania.
Forty-eight African American female administrators in Pennsylvania were invited to participate in this case study. Of the 48 invitations, 19 administrators returned the consent forms and agreed to participate, and 15 of the administrators completed the Leadership Practices Inventory and the Power Management Inventory (Hall & Hawkins, 1981). Ten participants were also interviewed.
The most frequent leadership practice for African American female school administrators in this study was Encourage the Heart. This was followed by Enable, Model, and then Inspire and Challenge. ETH also had the highest standard deviation; and was more prevalent among building level leaders than those in central administration.