To examine perceived leadership effectiveness of nurses who attended the
U.S. Nursing Service Management residence course with those who lacked this training.
Target population consisted of 411 active-duty USAFNC Captains
with management experience stationed throughout the U.S., Europe and Asia. With a
70% response rate, the sample size was 279. Eighty-three percent of the respondents
were female, and two-thirds were between the ages of 31 and 40. Forty-size percent had
8-12 years of experience as an USAF nurse, and another 43% had 5-8 years of
experience. Over half the respondents were nurse managers (57%) and 35% were
assistant nurse managers. Forty-six percent had attended the Nursing Service
Management residence course. In addition to providing demographic information,
respondents completed the LPI.
There were no statistically significant differences on any of the five
leadership practices between those nurses who had or had not attended the Nursing
Service Management residence program. This was also true in comparing nurses
completion, or not, of the Nursing Service Fundamentals correspondence course. In
addition, no significant differences among groups were found between the five leadership
practices and the demographic variables of age, enlistment, education, AFNC years,
supervisory experience, SOS residence or correspondence course, and the Flight Nurse
course. The author suggests that because leadership training is ongoing throughout an
officer's career, and received from many different sources, trying to detect differences
based upon one particular course "may be nearly impossible" (p.42).
Females scored significantly higher than males on Challenging, Inspiring, and
Encouraging. Nurse managers scored significantly higher than assistant nurse managers
on Challenging, Enabling, Modeling, and Encouraging. Those with more years of work
experience (13+ years) scored higher than those with a moderate numbers of years of
work experience (5-8 years) on Inspiring.