Higher Education Managers/Executives/Administrators
To examine the leadership practices of chief student affairs officers
(CSAO) in Texas.
The population of CSAO in Texas (N=144) was sampled, with a
65.3 percent response rate (N=94). In addition to completing the LPI-Self, each CSAO
distributed one copy of the LPI-Observer. Of the latter 82 were returned (57% response
The typical CSAO was male (64%), Caucasian (78% with 12% Black and 11%
Hispanic), with an average of 16+ years of experience. The demographic characteristics
of "observers" was quite similar.
CSAO LPI-Self scores were consistently higher than those provided
by their observers (except for Encouraging), although none of these differences were
statistically different. The rank ordering of the leadership practices was the same
between the two groups. Enabling received the highest mean scores from both groups,
followed by Modeling, Encouraging, Challenging and Inspiring. None of the
demographic variables were found to contribute significantly to scores on the five
practices of leadership.