Government/Public Sector Managers/Executives/Administrators
To identify the leadership styles of Virginia prison wardens within public
adult prisons, and to determine which factors contribute to the development of their
A total of 46 wardens completed the surveys (100%), which were
distributed at the warden's semi-annual meeting at the Academy for Staff Development.
The "typical" warden was male, white, age 48, with a master's degree, and college major
of sociology. Respondents completed the Leadership Practices Inventory and the Leader
Behavior Analysis II-Self (Zigarmi et al., 1995), along with providing demographic
LPI scores revealed that most Virginia wardens rated themselves
above average in their ability to engage in each of the five leadership practices.
Demographic variables (e.g., race, gender, age, educational level, institutional size, career
expectations, security level, etc.) were generally unrelated to LPI scores. There was no
significant correlation found between scores on the LPI and those on the LBAII -
"apparently then the LPI and LBAII Self measure a different aspect of leadership. The
LPI measures ‘visionary' or ‘Transformational’ leadership (non-traditional management),
and the LBAII Self measures ‘transnational’ (traditional) management" (p. 95).