Higher Education Students
This study investigated the level of leadership practices and retention
rates of freshman students at Texas Woman’s University.
The sample consisted of 151 freshman students (50+% response
rate) placed in one of three control groups: Group A (the treatment) were in the
Neighbors Educated Together Program (NET), Group B (control) were in one of two
university-sponsored programs and Group C (control) were the residual group of
first-time college freshmen. These three groups were surveyed prior to their participation in the NET program or a university-sponsored program and again at the end of 14 weeks. Participants completed the student version of the Leadership Practices Inventory.
The study found statistically significant differences on the pre- and
post-tests between Group C and the other two groups on Enabling, Inspiring and
Encouraging. Group C (the residual group) scored lower than the other two groups on all
five leadership practices. There were no statistically significant differences between
Group A and Group B. The retention rates were not significantly different between the
three groups (Group A with 91%, Group B with 97% and Group C with 89%). ANOVAs
were performed on the five leadership practices and each of the independent variables
(admission status, gender, ethnicity, and age) and no statistically significant differences were found.