Secondary Education Teachers
To determine the extent to which secondary agricultural education teachers
provide leadership development for their students beyond what was received through
participation in the Future Farmers of America.
Randomized sampling (stratified by state) of secondary agricultural
education teachers in single teacher departments listed in the Agricultural Educators
Directory 1994. Respondents completed the LPI-Self and questionnaire developed by
researcher to assess the leadership topics taught by the instructor, the teacher's leadership
experiences and demographic data. Usable responses were received from 174 instructors
(45.3%); no significant differences were found between early and late respondents. Ninety
percent of the respondents were men; the mean respondent age was 39.6 years.
Most instructors taught leadership style (75%) and 48.6% reported
teaching leadership theory; followed by expectations (62%), feedback (53%), followership
(43%), and empowerment (34%). All group topics showed more respondents teaching them
than not teaching them; the pattern was similar for communication skills. Leadership topics
under the heading of vision all had high responses as being taught (73% or greater); topics
under the heading of learning were reported as being taught by at least 68% of the
respondents; and personal trait topics by more than 70 percent.
On the LPI, the rank order of leadership practices (from most to least frequent) was
Enabling, Encouraging, Modeling, Challenging, and Inspiring. All of the groups of
respondents reporting that they taught a leadership topic had generally higher mean LPI
scores than those who did not teach the topic; significantly more so for all five leadership
practices and the teaching of leadership styles, empowerment, problem solving skills, risk
taking, evaluation, non-verbal communication, written communication,
motivation/persuasion, group dynamics, and team building and work. Most of the
respondent groups reporting that they had a selected leadership experience had higher
mean LPI scores than those that did not have a leadership experience.