To compare the leadership practices of Thai female and male middle
The sample group was chosen from among business managers of
firms at the time the research was conducted. The 200 managers were randomly
selected for participation from marketing departments of 20 trading firms which were
listed in the Directory of the Thai Ministry of Industry (1995-96), by choosing every
tenth organization in the listing. The Department of Research and Evaluation Affairs at
Dentsu Company conducted the survey distribution and collection process.
Respondents provided demographic information and completed the Leadership
Practices Inventory (Self). The final sample included 81 male and 81 female
respondents. The majority of the respondents were between 31 and 40 years of age
(59%) and had completed college (54%). Most had worked between 2-4 years (42%) or
between 5-10 years (38%).
Male and female Thai managers did not significantly differ on the
leadership practices of Challenging, and Encouraging. Males reported higher scores
than females on Inspiring, Enabling, and Modeling. Multiple regression analyzes
revealed that age, education level, and work experience had no significant influence on
leadership practices for either male or female Thai managers.