Secondary Education Principals/Superintendents
This study examined the relationship between leadership behaviors of
secondary school principals and the level of shared decision making in schools as
perceived by teachers.
The sample consisted of 12 middle and 14 high schools in the
Duval County Public School system (Florida), whose principal had at least two years of
tenure. Teachers at each school completed the LPI-Observer and the Shared Education
Decisions Survey-Revised (Ferrara, 1994). Of the 1,841 teachers, approximately 35
percent responded (N=646). The typical teacher had 16 years of teaching experience.
About two-thirds of the respondents were female, and the majority were Caucasian
(76%). Cronbach Alpha coefficients for the LPI-Observer ranged from .84 to .91. Factor
analysis revealed high multicollinearity.
Statistically significant, but weak, relationships were discovered
between the principals’ leadership behaviors and the level of shared decision making in
all seven areas: Planning, policy development, curriculum/instruction, student
achievement, pupil personnel services, staff development, budget management. Enabling
was reported as the most frequently used leadership practice, while Encouraging was
viewed as least often practiced by the principals.
Also presented at the Annual 2000 Joint Meeting of the Association for the
Advancement of Educational Research, the National Academy of Educational Research
(November, 2000): "The Leadership Practices of Secondary School Principals in a Large
Urban School District." The author reports: "The results of this study portrays a
somewhat promising view of the current status of school leadership. Over half of the
responding teachers perceived principals as demonstrating Kouzes and Posner’s (1995)
effective leadership practices ‘fairly often’ to ‘almost always.’