The purpose of this study was to determine leadership
preferences of school leaders in Mitchell’s Plan, a disadvantaged area of Western
Cape province (South Africa).
Persons employed as principals or deputy principals in the
Mitchell’s Plain area of the Cape Flats were the subjects of this research; 67
respondents participated. In addition to providing demographic data, the LPI-Self
was completed. There were 28 females (42%) and 39 males in the group; their
ages ranging from the 30s to the 50s. Nearly all were members of a teacher’s
union (94%); and most reported being in their current position for less than three
years. Thirty-four were graduates of the University of Western Cape and 33 got
their degrees elsewhere.
No differences in overall LPI scores were found between
graduates of UWC and elsewhere, nor were differences found on the basis of
gender or age. Most univariate tests were not significant, with the exception that
males reported more frequent use of Enabling than females, and the youngest age
group (30s) reported less Encouraging than their older cohorts (40s, 50s).
The researcher in considering questions of the LPI’s validity in crosscultural
research, noted that “in informal discussions with South African
participants who took the LPI, the participants agreed enthusiastically that the
questions on the instrument measured leadership” (p.116).
This was also subsequently published, with the same title, in The Journal
of Leadership Studies, Winter 2002 (Volume 8: Number 3), pp. 63-78.