Higher Education Managers/Executives/Administrators
To determine concepts of public health leadership practices and behaviors
which will provide a framework for course content in initial and continuing education for
public health leadership and contribute to generating a substantive grounded theory
specific to leadership in public health.
The sample involved 12 school of public health deans and/or directors
of graduate programs in community health/preventive medicine who each nominated five
public health leaders. Each public health leader (N=22) completed the LPI-Self and had five "followers/subordinates" complete the LPI-Observer (N=79).
No statistically significant differences were found between LPI-Self
and LPI-Observer scores, or between male and female public health leaders, or between
leaders employed in public or private sector positions (on the LPI-Observer leaders in the private sector were viewed as practicing Encouraging more than public sector leaders).
"The practices and behaviors of the Kouzes and Posner framework have good
emergent fit with the practices and behaviors of the respondent contemporary public health leaders as evidenced by the generally high and comparable LPI scores" (170). "Translation of the Kouzes and Posner practices and behaviors into concept terminology [by deans/directors] results in..... high — opportunity and collaboration; moderate — constituency, others, and example; low — risk, vision, communication, and recognition; and celebration — none" (170).