The purpose of this research was to measure the effectiveness of a chief resident leadership development program offered to Internal Medicine chief residents.
All New Jersey chief residents (N=43) were invited to participate the program, and 31 agreed by completing pre and post administrations of the Leadership Practices Inventory and a “Leadership Survey” created by the author (response rate = 72%). The typical respondent was 30 years old, male (52%), international medical graduates (72%), and from community (62%) versus university-based programs.
Pre-intervention, there were no differences in LPI leadership behaviors between male versus female residents, U.S. versus international graduates, or PGY-3 versus PGY-4/5 residents. At the conclusion of the program, there was a significant increase in resident ratings for Inspire a Shared Vision; although all four other leadership practices showed positive gains, they did not reach statistical significance levels.
Most respondents (87%) felt that the program improved their leadership skills and increased their likelihood that they would pursue additional leadership training. Nearly half (47%) thought the program broadened their views on leadership, while 35% believed the program allowed them to consider themselves a leader.