To examine how women owners or managers in manufacturing
Seventy-five females in upper management of a manufacturing
firm or an owner of such were identified from a stratified random sampling of 2,000 such
women. A total of 12 participated, completing a copy of the Leadership Practices
Inventory (Self) and the Leadership Effectiveness and Adaptability Description (LEAD -
Self; Center for Leadership Studies, Inc., 1993), and providing demographic information.
The women were Caucasian, all over 30 years of age, and most had been in their current
positions for more than five years.
Generalizing from a very small sample the author reports that the
participants saw themselves engaging in a relatively high degree of the leadership
practices of challenging, inspiring, enabling, and modeling, and a moderate degree of