Higher Education Students
The purpose of this study was to examine leadership practices of Greekaffiliated
student leaders at three public, midwestern institutions and to measure their
effectiveness as determined by chapter presidents, executive council members, and
general members of on-campus fraternities and sororities.
Participants consisted of 101 men and 132 women who were active
Greek members at three public universities located in Nebraska, Missouri and Illinois.
Cluster sampling was used to select four on-campus fraternities and sororities at each
institution. Presidents of each organization, five executive council members, and five
general members were asked to participate in the study (the latter two were selected by
the organizations’ advisors). Respondents completed the Student Leadership Practices
Inventory, and an eight-item Leadership Effectiveness Scale (Posner & Brodsky, 1992).
Several statistically significant differences were found: Women rated
their presidents higher than men on Challenging and Enabling; women in general and
executive committee members were higher on Inspiring than the average scores of men
and executive committee members. There were no significant differences by gender on
Inspiring, Modeling and Encouraging; nor difference for gender by position on
Challenging, Enabling, Modeling and Encouraging. On all effectiveness statements,
average scores of men were equal to or higher than their female counterparts.
Challenging was rated by both men and women as their least frequently used leadership
practice, while Enabling was viewed as most frequently engaged in.