Higher Education Managers/Executives/Administrators
To assess the leadership practices of college presidents and to determine whether the college's institutional environment was significantly related to the president's leadership practices.
The sample was comprised of the nine state-supported, four-year
public institutions that embody the State University System of Florida (SUSF) and the 20
private, four-year institutions that comprise the Independent Colleges and Universities of
Florida, Inc (ICUF). Surveys were returned by 18 ICUF Presidents (90%) and seven SUSF
(78%) Presidents. Each of the President's administrative team members (Vice Presidents)
responsible for academic affairs, business and finance, student affairs, and institutional
advancement were also surveyed. Fifty-nine ICUF and 23 SUSF Vice Presidents completed
surveys (82% response rate).
Presidents completed the LPI-SELF and Vice Presidents completed the LPI-OTHER.
Both groups also completed an Institutional Environment Survey, based upon the
"Excellence Audit" from The Tom Peters Group, which focused on people, leadership, and
systems (30-items). This instrument served as a proxy for organizational effectiveness.
President's perceptions of their leadership practices were all
significantly higher than those provided by their administrative team members. The
Presidents generally rated themselves in the 70th percentile or above in comparison to all
others in the normative LPI profile (generally private sector executives). Presidents also
rated their Institutional Environments more favorably than did their Vice Presidential
There was no statistically significant relationship between the President's leadership
assessments and perceptions of Institutional Environment. However, there were
consistent significant relationships between the Vice President's views of their President's
leadership practices and Institutional Environment. Higher LPI (LPI-OTHER) scores were
significantly associated with higher Institutional Environment (organizational