Higher Education Teachers
To examine the possibility of a relationship between gender, sex role
orientation, interpersonal needs orientation, fear of success, and leadership style practice which might account for the underrepresentation of women administrators in higher education.
Sample involved 233 faculty members (47% response rate) at four
midwestern doctorate granting universities, of which 67% were female, 66% were married,
92% were Caucasian, 86% had doctorates, 32% were assistant professors, 36% associate
and 24% professors, with 12 years of teaching experience at the median, and 62% were
tenured. Respondents completed Cohen's Fear of Success questionnaire, Bem's Sex Role
Inventory, the FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relationship Orientation-Behavior), and
the LPI-Self. In addition to providing demographic information, respondents completed
two open-ended questions regarding their aspirations to seek an administrative position,
and perceived barriers or constraints expected when seeking an administrative position in
There were no significant differences by gender on the LPI for
Challenging, Inspiring, Enabling, Modeling: Female faculty reported greater frequency on
Encouraging than their male counterparts. "These data patterns generally support the
conclusion that female faculty and male faculty are more alike in behavior than different.
Female faculty, however, differed significantly on career aspirations despite real or
perceived barriers" (p. 74).