Secondary Education Principals/Superintendents
This study examined the leadership behaviors and skills of the principal at
a consistently exemplary school, as well as the instructional practices, in order to better understand the relationship between leadership and school performance.
The Mayfield Elementary School reflects an ethnic and economic
diversity illustrative of the vast majority of schools in Texas, and on that basis, as well as
its exemplary rating for five consecutive years from the Texas Education Agency, was
chosen for the case study. The principal completed the LPI-Self, while the LPI-Observer
was completed by the instructional and support staff. Thirty-nine LPI-Observers were
distributed and 29 were returned, of which 24 were usable (74% response rate).
Qualitative data were obtained through observations and semi-structured interviews, as
well as examination of archival and institutional/culture artifacts.
The rank order of leadership practices between the principal and her
observers was relatively consistent, with Modeling and Enabling being the most frequent
and Challenging and Encouraging the least frequently used practices. Responses from
observers were normatively high (above the 70th percentile), which was also true for
Inspiring, Enabling and Modeling for the principal (self).
“This study supported the relationship between leadership skills and interpersonal communication competencies generally and for educational leaders specifically” (p. 123).