Secondary Education Principals/Superintendents
The purpose of this study was to gain understanding of the degree to which principal leadership behaviors influenced positive school climate.
Four high schools in the Houston County School District was the setting for this study. The
Leadership Practices Inventory (Observer) and the Organizational Climate Descriptors
Questionnaire-RS (Kottkamp, Mulhern, and Hoy, 1987) were sent to every teacher at each of the
schools (N = 400) and 66 were completed (response rate = 16.5%). A focus group discussion
was held with all four principals.
There was a significant positive correlation between all five leadership practices and the
“principal supportive behavior” dimension of the OCDQ-RS. Model and Inspire were
significantly correlated with “teacher engaged behavior.” None of the leadership practices were
significantly correlated with “teacher frustrated behavior,” “principal directive behavior,” or
“intimate teacher behavior.”