Government/Public Sector Employees/Individual Contributors/Members/Adults
The purpose of this study was to develop recommendations to
improve the department’s unification of EMS/fire line operations, improve
officers’ leadership practices supervising EMS personnel, and expand the
knowledge for unifying fire/EMS shift operations.
Respondents completed the Leadership Practices Inventory -
Observer, and provided demographic and unifying EMS and fire suppression
operations information. All 54 employees with the department’s EMS Division
participated. Sixty-three percent were firefighters and 37 percent were sergeants.
About 37 percent had less than five years of experience, 24 percent had 6-10
years, 15 percent had 11-15 years, 11 percent had 16-20 years and 13 percent had
20 years or more experience. All but one respondent was male. The typical
respondent was 35-44 years old (44%). Thirty-five percent had completed high
school, 44 percent had some college, and the remaining had a college degree or
Respondents perceived the leadership practices of their
supervising fire suppression officers as being in the “low range” compared to the
Kouzes and Posner normative sample. This was true regardless of demographic
“The research findings identify a huge gap between where fire lieutenants
are as leaders of EMS personnel and where these fire lieutenants need to be.
Analysis of the data establishes high standard deviations for each of the leadership
dimensions suggesting that department possess some excellent fire suppression
officers, many average officers, but also officers who need to improve the quality
of their leadership behaviors” (p. 38).