Research on The Leadership Challenge
Our Authors’ Research
Highly Regarded by Academics and Practitioners
Use the LPI in Your Research
Nearly 500 academic studies and master’s theses have been conducted using the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) as a research tool. If you would like to join your worldwide colleagues in expanding our understanding of leadership effectiveness through research, review and submit our LPI Research Form.

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Others’ Research
From Taiwan to Ohio, every year dozens of academicians and graduate students use The Leadership Challenge framework in research projects. Here you’ll find executive summaries of research abstracts with insight into leadership practices in business, healthcare, secondary and higher education and more.

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Why Research Matters
Instruments like the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) and the Student LPI must meet rigorous criteria for psychometric testing (unlike internally developed competency surveys). And because of the LPI’s demonstrated psychometric properties—including its strong reliability and validity—educators and practitioners alike are confident in using the LPI to further understand what it takes to be an effective leader. Continued studies of the LPI also confirm the relationship between The Five Practices and a variety of measurable outcomes such as job satisfaction, employee commitment, and sales performance.
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