Research - Others' Research - Detail

Leadership Outcomes and Transformational Leadership of Georgia Golf Course Superintendents

Download a Printer Friendly Version (PDF)
 
TITLE: Leadership Outcomes and Transformational Leadership of Georgia Golf Course Superintendents
 
RESEARCHER: Matthew A. Lenhardt
Department of Agricultural Leadership, Education and Communication
University of Georgia (Athens)
Unpublished Masters Thesis: December 2009

OBJECTIVE
The primary objective of this study was to describe the leadership behaviors of Georgia’s golf course superintendents, describe the outcomes generated by these behaviors, and determine a relationship between transformational leadership behaviors and leadership outcomes.

METHODOLOGY
Data was collected using the Leadership Practices Inventory and a researcher-adapted perceived outcome survey from part of the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (Bass & Avolio, 1994) to the entire population (N = 278) of superintendents in the golf course industry that received emails via the Georgia Golf Course Superintendents Association (GGCSA) listserv, with 66 participating (24% response rate). All of the respondents were men, 42 years of age on average, with just over 20 years in the industry, 12 years as a golf superintendent, and 48 percent had college degrees.

KEY FINDINGS
Modeling the Way was the transformational leadership behavior most widely used, followed closely by Enabling Others to Act, and then Encourage the Heart, Challenge the Process, and Inspire a Shared Vision. Outcome assessments of Employee Effectiveness, Satisfaction, and Extra Effort were all significantly correlated with the five leadership practices. Correlations ranged between .46 (Challenge) and .65 (Model) for Employee Effectiveness. The range was between .54 (Inspire) and .64 (Model) for Satisfaction and between .32 (Encourage) and .45 (Enable) for Extra Effort.

The author concludes: “From this study the researcher can conclude that transformational leadership behaviors have a significant effect on how golf course superintendents lead their employees. Data from this study were consistent with the assumption that transformational leadership practices do have a positive and beneficial effect on leadership outcomes. These practices also could also have beneficial impacts on superintendent and employee educational and professional development, as well as increase inter-personal relationships among the two groups” (p. 46).

RELATED RESOURCES

We use cookies to ensure that we provide you with the best user experience. By accessing our website, you consent to our Cookie Policy. Read more about our Cookie Policy. Additional information can also be found in our Privacy Policy.