Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI)

Over three million people have used The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) as a first step to reaching their personal leadership best, clearly demonstrating what three decades of ongoing research affirms: that leadership is a practice that can be taught and learned by anyone. Effective leadership is not an inborn skill available to a select few. Rather it is a set of observable behaviors that, with deliberate practice, can help everyone be more effective and make more of a positive difference in the workplace, in the community, in the world.

No matter where your leaders are along their leadership development journey, look to our LPI assessments and facilitator materials to support the important work you do in developing, nurturing, and empowering our emerging leaders.

Evidence-based, rigorously tested assessment tools to liberate the leader in everyone.


With the right feedback and tools, anyone can learn to be an effective leader. Through self-discovery and increased self-awareness we discover our strengths. And through personal reflection and analysis of our own behaviors we can clearly assess where we are along our leadership journey and what it will take to get us to where we want to go. Equally as valuable is insight and feedback from those around us who know us well, who have experience of us in our role as a leader, and who can provide honest input into the behaviors we exhibit to others. Combined, these essential perspectives provide invaluable insight into how we view ourselves as a leader, how others view us, and what actions we can take to improve our effectiveness.

Our comprehensive suite of LPI tools includes leadership assessments designed for seasoned leaders as well as those new to the role (LPI 360), individual consultants, human resources professionals, or independent contributors (LPI Individual), and young people looking to enhance their leadership role in school or in the community (Student LPI).

The Leadership Practices Inventory
is a questionnaire that contains 30 behavioral statements—six for each of The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership®—and takes 10 to 20 minutes to complete. Leaders and individuals complete the LPI Self, rating themselves on the frequency with which they believe they engage in each of the 30 behaviors. Five to ten other people—typically selected by the leaders—complete the LPI Observer, indicating the frequency with which they think the leader engages in each behavior.
The LPI 360 is an observer-based tool for leaders and managers at all levels in an organization—commercial and nonprofit, health care and government—that incorporates the LPI Self instrument (completed by the Leader) and the LPI Observer that gathers important insight from bosses, co-workers, direct reports, and others who have direct experience of the individual leader in a leadership role.
LPI SELF: a 30-item assessment that provides a way for individual leaders to measure the frequency of their own leadership behaviors on a 10-point frequency scale
LPI Observer: a 30-item assessment that provides 360-degree feedback on the frequency of an individual’s leadership behaviors on a 10-point frequency scale, completed by up to 10 people selected by the leader to participate in the process.
The LPI Individual includes the use of the LPI Self instrument only, typically used by consultants and human resources professionals, or emerging leaders working as independent contributors. This assessment helps individuals measure their own leadership behaviors while guiding them through the process of applying Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership® model to real-life organizational challenges and planning a course of action to improve the effectiveness of their performance as leaders.

Available in print and online.


We also are here with online tools and comprehensive toolkits to support your work as a coach, consultant, human resource professional, or facilitator—whether you’re working one-to-one or one-to-many. Our all-in-one packages, such as the LPI Facilitator’s Guide Set, provide everything you need (including Scoring Software) to help aspiring leaders measure their leadership competencies using our 360-degree leadership assessment, while guiding them through the process of applying The Five Practices of Exemplary Leadership® to real organizational challenges. And our Leadership Practices Inventory Online 360 Assessment automates much of the administration of the LPI, making the process more streamlined, more accurate, and more efficient.